Knowledge Skills

Know how to culture, identify, and enumerate microbes. Microbiologists must be able to isolate and obtain pure cultures of bacteria and other microbes. They must also be able to identify sources of microbial contamination and know how to use sterilization and filtration to control microbial growth.

Know what to do when there is an emergency.  This would include CPR and basic first aid.

Be able to repair small electronics. Understand current, voltage, and power.

The International Council on Harmonization Good Clinical Practice guidelines (ICH-GCP) cover quailty, efficacy, safety, and cross-cutting topics.  The International Council on Harmonization (ICH) is a non-profit group that works to ensure that safe, effective, and high quality medicines are developed and registered in the most resource-efficient manner. The Good Clinical Practice guidelines are developed by the FDA and are used to regulate clinical studies.

Follow Good Clinical Practices in working with patients and protecting human subjects.

cGMP stands for current Good Manufacturing Practices. GMPs apply to industries that produce pharmaceuticals, food, and beverages. The FDA publishes guidances to help companies understand how they view the regulations related to drug manufacturing. Since FDA's thinking evolves, it is important to know what about the current GMPS. People who manufacture drugs for human use are expected to understand and comply with current FDA guidelines related to Good Manufacturing Practices.

Know how to assess food safety by the analysis and control of biological, chemical, and physical hazards from raw material production, procurement and handling, to manufacturing, distribution and consumption of the finished product.

Understand the steps involved in manufacturing and delivering a product that meets the required specifications.

Be able to use descriptive statistics to characterize a data set.

Understand molecular biology techniques, when and why they are used and what they measure.